© Sparkmom (Shawn And Sue Roberts) |

Saint Bernard

Breed origin: Switzerland
Original purpose: Guard dog, carting dog and avalanche dog that rescued travelers trapped in the snow.

AKC recognized: 1885
AKC group: Working

Size: Weight: males 140 to 180 lbs; females 110 to 160 lbs
Size: Height: males 27½ to 30 inches; females 25½ to 28 inches
© Kolygok (Kristina Kolygo) |
Color: White with red, red with white markings, or brindle patches with white markings.

Life span: 7 to 10 years.

General characteristics/temperament: The Saint Bernard is powerful, gentle, calm, dignified, and loyal. They tend to drool, although some individuals will drool more than others. Socialization and obedience training must start early because of how big they will become and how quickly they grow. They are eager to please and respond well to training. With proper socialization and training, they are good with children and make great family pets.

© Isselee (Eric Isselée) |
Good with children? Yes

Good with other dogs? Yes

Good with cats? Yes

Good watchdog? Yes

Protective? Yes

OK in apartments? No

© Avnerr (Avner Richard) |
Easy to train? Moderate

Energy/Activity Level: Moderate

Suitable canine sports/activities: obedience, conformation, carting, weight-pulling, drafting, tracking

Exercise requirement: Regular walks and/or play sessions.

Grooming requirement: They shed large amounts because of their size, and shed more heavily seasonally twice a year. Frequent brushing will help to minimize the shedding.

Known health problems: Hip dysplasia, elbow dysplasia, osteosarcoma, entropion, ectropion, epilepsy, dilated cardiomyopathy, eczema, gastric dilatation volvulus.

Additional photos of Saint Bernard

Recommended books for further reading:

Saint Bernards (A Complete Pet Owner's Manuals)
By Joan Hustace Walker
Published in 1998
88 pages

St. Bernard (A Comprehensive Owner's Guide)
By J. Radford Wilcock
Published in 2004
143 pages

The New Saint Bernard
By George Gwilliam and Maureen Gwilliam
Published in 2000
176 pages

A New Owner's Guide to Saint Bernards
By Betty-Anne Stenmark
Published in 2001
160 pages

Show more books

Other websites for additional information:

American Kennel Club breed page
St. Bernard Club of America
Wikipedia breed information page
St. Bernard Rescue Foundation

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Page Last Updated: February 1, 2018

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