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Breed origin: Vast stretches of tundra reaching from the White Sea to the Yenisei River.
Original purpose: Reindeer shepherds, sledge dogs, and household companions.
AKC recognized: 1906
AKC group: Working
Height: males 21 to 23½ inches;
females 19 to 21 inches
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Pure white, white and biscuit, cream, or all biscuit.
12 to 15 years.
AKC: Intelligent, gentle, loyal, adaptable, alert, full of action, eager to serve, friendly but conservative, not distrustful or shy, not overly aggressive. (The Samoyed, being essentially a working dog, should present a picture of beauty, alertness and strength, with agility, dignity and grace. As his work lies in cold climates, his coat should be heavy and weather-resistant, well groomed, and of good quality rather then quantity. The male carries more of a "ruff" than the female. He should not be long in the back as a weak back would make him practically useless for his legitimate work, but at the same time, a close-coupled body would also place him at a great disadvantage as a draft dog. Bitches may be slightly longer in back than males. They should both give the appearance of being capable of great endurance but be free from coarseness. Because of the depth of chest required, the legs should be moderately long. A very short-legged dog is to be deprecated. Hindquarters should be particularly well developed, stifles well bent and any suggestion of unsound stifles or cowhocks severely penalized. General appearance should include movement and general conformation, indicating balance and good substance.) (Very ancient dog of the Samoyed peoples, primitives of the family of Sayantsi, reliably described as a race in the "transition stages between the Mongol pure and the Finn," in the vast stretches of tundra reaching from the White Sea to the Yenisei River.)
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Suitable canine sports/activities:
conformation, obedience, agility, herding, weight pulling, sledding, therapy
Brush or comb thoroughly at least once a week. They shed heavily twice a year. Frequent deep combing will help speed up the shedding process and prevent matting. Bathing is more time consuming than with most breeds, because the weather-resistent coat is difficult to get completely wet, and once wet, is difficult to dry. The coat should be dried after baths using a cool, forced air dryer to prevent prolonged dampness which might lead to skin infections.
Known health problems:
Samoyed hereditary glomerulopathy, hip dysplasia, cataracts, glaucoma, diabetes.
Additional photos of Samoyed
Recommended books for further reading:Show more books
Other websites for additional information:
American Kennel Club breed page
Samoyed Club of America
Wikipedia breed information page
Samoyed Club of America Rescue