© Nndemidchick |


Also known as: Mexican Hairless Dog

Nickname: Xolo

Breed origin: One of the world’s oldest and rarest breeds, with clay and ceramic effigies of Xolos dating back over 3000 years and discovered in the tombs of the Toltec, Aztec, Mayan, Zapoteca, and Colima Indians.
Original purpose: Highly prized for their curative and mystical powers, and held a place of special religious significance for many ancient cultures.

AKC recognized: Not yet
AKC group: Miscellaneous Class

Size: Height: 10 to 24 inches
© Anna63 (Anna Utekhina) |
Color: A dark color ranging from black, gray black, slate, to red, liver or bronze, sometimes with white spots and markings.

General characteristics/temperament: The Xoloitzcuintli is agile, calm, tranquil, aloof, and attentive. There are 3 size varieties in addition to 2 coat varieties. Most litters will contain both hairless and coated puppies. Hairless puppies will typically have some missing teeth. They are an an ancient breed and will exhibit some primitive characteristics. They have strong guarding and predatory instincts, and are capable of climbing and jumping fences to chase small animals. Extensive socialization and basic obedience training are required from early puppyhood and throughout adulthood.

© Skeletoriad (David Badenhorst) |
Protective? Yes

© Nikuwka |

Additional photos of Xoloitzcuintli

Recommended books for further reading:

Xoloitzcuintli (Comprehensive Owner's Guide)
By Amy Fernandez
Published in 2009
158 pages

Hairless Dogs - The Naked Truth (The Chinese Crested, Xoloitzcuintli & Peruvian Inca Orchid)
By Kelly Rhae and Amy Fernandez
Published in 1999
276 pages

Other websites for additional information:

American Kennel Club breed page
The Xoloitzcuintli Club of America
Wikipedia breed information page
The Xoloitzcuintli Club of America Rescue

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Page Last Updated: February 1, 2018

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