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Also known as: Mexican Hairless Dog
Breed origin: One of the world’s oldest and rarest breeds, with clay and ceramic effigies of Xolos dating back over 3000 years and discovered in the tombs of the Toltec, Aztec, Mayan, Zapoteca, and Colima Indians.
Original purpose: Highly prized for their curative and mystical powers, and held a place of special religious significance for many ancient cultures.
AKC recognized: Not yet
AKC group: Miscellaneous Class
Height: 10 to 24 inches
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A dark color ranging from black, gray black, slate, to red, liver or bronze, sometimes with white spots and markings.
The Xoloitzcuintli is agile, calm, tranquil, aloof, and attentive. There are 3 size varieties in addition to 2 coat varieties. Most litters will contain both hairless and coated puppies. Hairless puppies will typically have some missing teeth. They are an an ancient breed and will exhibit some primitive characteristics. They have strong guarding and predatory instincts, and are capable of climbing and jumping fences to chase small animals. Extensive socialization and basic obedience training are required from early puppyhood and throughout adulthood.
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Additional photos of Xoloitzcuintli
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Recommended books for further reading:
Other websites for additional information:
American Kennel Club breed page
The Xoloitzcuintli Club of America
Wikipedia breed information page
The Xoloitzcuintli Club of America Rescue
Page Last Updated: February 1, 2018